Boston Massacre Historical Society


Participants of Boston Massacre

At the midst of confrontation, the crowd of people in front of the Customs House was estimated to be between 300 and 400 men, making it hard to establish who did what. To add clarity we grouped participants by their roles, the British solders, the Agitators and the Victims.



Crispus Attucks

Crispus Attucks was a sailor mulatto (African American and Native American descent), died on the spot

Mr. Samuel Gray

A rope-maker, died on the spot. Was one of the hardiest brawlers in Boston.

Mr. James Caldwell

A mate from the brig “Hawk”, was 17 years old when he was shot

Mr. Samuel Maverick

A youth of seventeen years of age mortally wounded, he died the next morning.

Patrick Carr

A leather worker. Carr was also an Irish immigrant died two weeks later.

Christopher Monk

Christopher Monk who should be rightfully considered the sixth victim of the Massacre.

Thomas Preston

Thomas Preston was the captain of the 14th regiment, the Officer of the Day who commanded the British soldiers outside of the Customs House.

Private Hugh White

Private White was the soldier on duty outside fo the Customs House on Mar 5 1770 when the incident started.

Captain John Goldfinch

The British officer who was on duty that night when a young wigmaker's apprentice named Edward Garrick accused him of not having paid his master's bill.

Corporal William Wemms

was the experienced officer who lead the soldiers of the 29th Regiment to help Hugh White who was surrounded by the croud.

Lieutenant James Basset

was the second officer of the main guard under the command of Captain Thomas Preston.

Private Hugh Montgomery

Private Hugh Montgomery was the first British soldier to fire in the Boston Massacre. He was also identified by many witnesses in the trial as the man who killed Crispus Attucks.

The Agitators

Edward Garrick

A young wigmaker's apprentice who arrived to the Customs House and called out to a British officer, Captain Lieutenant John Goldfinch, that he had not paid his master's bill.

Bartholomew Broaders

Broaders was a friend of Edward Garrick. After Garrick was struck on on the side of the head by Hugh White, Broaders exchanged insults with White. This attracted a larger crowd.

Other Topics

View the photograph of the burrial place on Boston Massacre Victims at Granary Burying Ground, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Also available are the obituaries of the victims.



Paul Revere's Engraving


Facts and Numbers



Unknown Facts

Alternative View

Detailed description


British View


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